I’ve always been engrossed by maps. When I looked at airplane flight paths, I questioned why the paths were curved and not straight, as my intuition suggested. Furthermore, the size distortion of landmasses had baffled me. This is why I chose to find the most accurate 2D representation (map) of the Earth for my EE topic. During our conversation, my supervisor and I concluded that it was important to plan a clear structure for the essay seeing that the topic I was tackling was vast. I decided to discuss 2 popular map projections (mathematical methods to make maps) since it would be impossible for me to evaluate all the possible projections, followed by an explanation of Gaussian Curvature and the derivation of the Euler Spiral, concepts I have encountered through my research. I have used a document to keep track of my sources to avoid plagiarism.