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Global Perspective – HW

Why do ethical considerations need to be taken into account when designing driverless cars?

Nothing is absolute save. In the future, the cars are all driverless, if your car is driving forwards with a fast speed now, then you see a dog, you will hit a dog if you don’t stop the car, however, you are not the driver. If the self-driving program of the car only requires vehicles to obey traffic rules, the car won’t stop. That’s why ethical considerations need to be taken into account when designing driverless cars.

But I still think driverless cars are flawed. For example, you can have a look at the picture above, in the picture, we need to make a decision, whether save a baby, a male doctor an elderly man and a female athlete or save a baby and a pregnant woman(ignore the red signal). This is hard to decide, the pregnant woman may be thinking about her child’s name, she is hopeful about the future… the female athlete has great potential and she is the hope of winning the Olympic Games… the male doctor can save many people’s lives, and he has saved many people already… the elderly man might be the policymaker of a company, if he dies, there will have changes in the stock market, the company will face layoffs, many people will lose their jobs… A driverless car cannot make decision for these.

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Unit 2- Stop Motion

Fantastic video! https://drive.google.com/file/d/1loFwe2Ve2j6fFjzvjalR2Gs-iiNlz8yB/view?usp=sharing

Reflection

Self-management– We think the most challenging thing for us is time management, we sometimes couldn’t follow our plan. One is because we have a different schedule, another is that we always have a new idea but don’t have the equipment to help us finish.  We failed at organizing materials effectively, First, we considered about using a puppet. We made an anime puppet which can wave its hands, but the problem is that we cannot find a suitable background board, even we find it, it couldn’t be big enough. Then, we tried to act by ourselves, one of us would move slowly, and another would take photos. But it was still difficult to make a good atmosphere, for example, if we turn off the light, the room would be too dark to take photos… we faced many problems, however, we solved them in the end. When we were hesitant about animation and people acting, we decided to merge them. One thing important that we can keep an optimistic mindset.

Collaboration– I think we did well on collaboration, we always have clear divisions of responsibilities, if one of us has a new idea, we would discuss it together and compare it with the old idea. If someone finished her things first, she would help another person. We encouraged each other when it was necessary and we were patient all the time. We discussed our video face to face because both of us are boarders, we always have time to make our product more perfect. We seldom had disagreement because we would compromise before quarrel.

Communication– Before we start to record the film, we had discussion time first, but if another person could not understand, we would draw down our thoughts to explain. When one is speaking, another would listen carefully,  after she finished, the listener would share her idea because we could never know whose idea is better. Here is an example: when we were choosing music, both of us have our own idea, we had a topic about the BGM but there are so many kinds of music. So we listened to others’ music, then found out the best one. We did not have any problem in language or express our ideas.

 

Partner Agreement

Gloria: Doris is a good partner, I really enjoy the time working with her.

Doris: We worked really well, I think we did a wonderful job. But for the efficient part, we can still improve a lot.

We should be an active listener when people are talking and be patient when we are doing our work. We need to be friendly with our partner, for example, we shouldn’t quarrel with each other because of some small disagreement.

Anyway, this is a very good opportunity to understand each other deeply and it is also a very good experience for us to learn more things,  and how to better communicate with people. Wish we can work together again in the future!

 

 

 

B-roll stop motion(image)- https://drive.google.com/open?id=1E4Dcda_gOV_ClWlAurAZkSdqKXGEhg7q

Preparing for On The Set Day- https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1H6QoMisqx_14lv5YvVAqgJDJvEGs2IZQyU1h4YVLgAw/edit#slide=id.p 

 

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Understanding of respiration

Respiration is a process of release energy.

The powerhouses of cells- mitochondria, they break down nutrients(glucose, oxygen) when they go in, and then, create energy(carbon dioxide, water, ATP) for the cell. As we can see, respiration happens in mitochondria.

The equation of respiration: C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O

If we reverse the equation, it becomes the equation of photosynthesis:            6CO2 + 6H2O + light energy = C6H12O6 + 6O2

Related image

 

Any process in the body that requires energy needs respiration, and we did an experiment which represents the process of respiration.

  1. Get a syringe, and put some glucose(already reacted with air, it shows: C6H12O6 + 6O2) in it.
  2. Cover it with clay, make sure there won’t be oxygen get in during the experiment.
  3. Get an empty tube.
  4. Put syringe into the empty tube straightly with clay in the button.
  5. Fill the tube with hot water.
  6. Observe what is happening in the tube.

 

Result: There are bubbles coming out after the syringe enter hot water, the volume of things inside the syringe increase from 3 to 4.

Conclusion: Those bubbles contain gas, which is carbon dioxide. The number changed because there’s water inside the syringe. The experience shows us, C6H12O6 + 6O2→ 6CO2 + 6H2O.

 

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Drama- Lesson with Bill

Please write a paragraph telling me your takeaways from today’s session with Bill. What did you learn? What was useful? What will you use in your mono? 

I learned how to use our imagination to create something that is not really there. Pretend you are trying to open a door, you are staring at something you like… to make your audiences follow your thoughts, then, believe that there’s something on your hands or in front of you… I think it is a very useful skill, it helps you get easier and faster to get into your character and story from practice your imagination. In another hand, if you don’t have suitable stage property to use in play, you can create it by using your imagination, so the skill can help us with saving money as well. I will use it in my mono, I can create a person sitting behind me and listening to me, then I can make my movement more natural.

 

Retrospective Reflection- Think back to some key learning you have had in the class. Why do you think it was so significant for you?

Mr.Bill said that if we want to do mine perfectly, we need to practise it for many years. It is significant for me because it tells me anything need your hard-working.

 

Intentional Reflection- List two or three things you intend to do with the skills you have acquired or the discoveries you have made. List two or three areas that you want to research or examine further.

  1. Mine – I think this is a very useful thing for me. Get into my deep thoughts, forget my concerns, this is not only a drama skills, it also helps me relax.
  2. Creativity – We need imagination, it a very useful skill. For example, when you pretend you are staring at something, you can create an object you like or hate. This can make your performance more lively.

 

Evaluative Reflection- What worked well? What was challenging? How did you solve the problem? What did this teach you?

I think the most challenging thing is to ignore people around you and enter your world. My solvement is to pay all my attention to things I create. Actually, we don’t need to care about other people, because it is our own performance.

 

Action Points- List things to remember for the future or things to do next. Treat this as artistic advisor to your future self from your present self.

  1. Get into your play or character.
  2. Practise mine more frequently.
  3. Be patient.
  4. Pay attention when you are performing.
  5. Imagination is important

.

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Bintan Trip reflection

On our second trip to Bintan, we gave a lesson to the children there. Our theme is puppet show, we hoped to let them know the importance of doing exercise and ways to protect the environment. After a puppet show which is mainly about how to greet people and how important doing exercise is, we use an interesting way to teach children doing exercise. For example, we divided students into two groups, one symbolized fish, another one symbolized fisherman. Students would stand on one side of the field, and when the game start, ‘fish’ will run to another side of the field, then, ‘fishermen’ waggle their hands, pretend they are pulling the fishing lines. In simple terms, it was a running competition, but we made it more interesting.

 

After the lesson, we made a SWOT. We listened to the TIF, we knew more about our strength, weakness, threats and opportunities. About our opportunities, there were many things that we can improve. First, we could organize our lesson better, in time management. Because there were many students in a class, so we divided them into two groups, one group outdoor, one group inside the room. But, when one group finished their exercise, another group was still working on its parts. So we figured out a way that let the faster group teach children simple nursery rhyme in English. We had an exercise which teaches kids about ‘pick up trash’. We asked them to pick up leaves and stones in the field, but it could be better if we can let children go outside the school and pick up real trash on the way.

 

During our final discussion with TIF. We made many simple English questions to add to games, this can attract children’s attention so that they won’t feel bored when they are learning English skills. We all hope that we can do something for the education in Bintan.

 

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Before the second trip, our preparations for the lesson

–What has created the lesson plan and presentation for The Island Foundation taught you about the way children learn best?

#Praise students for jobs well done, as doing so improves academic and behavioural performance, according to a recent research review and study.

#Through helping peers, students will strengthen the knowledge they have as well as explain the concept to their peers in a comprehensible manner.

#Be patient with children, if there’s any problem, you need to talk or explain to them carefully.

#A segment of the whole lesson shouldn’t be more than 30 minutes, or you will lose their attention.

 

 

–What connections can you draw between Piaget’s theory of cognitive development and/or Vygotsky’s social learning theory and the way you have constructed your lesson?

#Piaget thinks that children think differently, but Vygotsky thinks that biological factors and culture determines the type of memory. In Piaget’s theory, if you cover a toy which is put in front of a child with a cardboard, the child will be interested in a toy that suddenly ‘disappears’, but they don’t think that the toy is behind the cardboard, even if they see you covering it up.

#About Vygotsky’s social learning theory, he thinks if the culture People’s ideas advance with the progress of the society. For example, in China, people used to make a fist, and put their thumb and little finger up, then put their hands beside their ear, which is the gesture of making a phone call. However, in today’s China, children hold their fingers together as a gesture of phone. Why is there such a difference? Because the appearance of the previous phone and the present phone has changed, so the gestures people use to indicate the phone have also changed over time. This is Vygotsky’s social learning theory.

 

 

–Why is this approach to learning important for meeting Indonesia’s development needs?

#Education system of Indonesia is large and complex, and it is extremely broad and including multilateral institutions, thus, the way we teaching need to be suitable for the rapid development of Indonesia, for example, we should add some knowledge about the 3c’s, communication, collaboration and critical thinking. To make the students understand better, we need to do some research about how children thinking, so our lesson should be meaningful and useful for children’s future but need to be attractive for them as well. The approach is useful because it helps us attract our students easier and more suitable for Indonesia education system.

:mrgreen:

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Advice for science test

I think I should read the questions carefully, I have made mistakes on this point. For example, the question wanted me to say something about the action of enzymes, so I supposed to explain how enzymes work. However, I described the trend of the graph. 😐 I need to answer questions with more specific answers, such as more accurate and more comprehensive description.

Image result for question

The most important thing is to review more carefully before the exam, after all, this can make me more calm and confident in the exam. :mrgreen:

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Reflection of the frist trip

What did you learn about “Living in Bintan” by interviewing different stakeholders using the different Compass perspectives ?

People who live in Bintan like the environment there. But most of them do not pay much attention to natural changes. When we asked about the weather, the most common answer was, ‘I didn’t notice it’. Actually, it is a good news that their living conditions were not bad enough to attract the attention of the locals. 🙂 Locals welcome tourists, this surprised me at first, I thought tourists will break the rules of Bintan, for example, people who do not know the cultures there, might go outdoor with shorts, this makes locals feel uncomfortable. Local people care more about the development of Bintan than their feelings, so they are looking forward to the development of tourism.

 

Why was it important to go through this process?

The information we got in the interview is the most authentic and the closest to ordinary people’s thinking. For example, the information we got was different. When we interviewed the principal, we could get information about the development of education in the country. When we asked the man who opened the shop, we could get some information about the national economy. Therefore, we can get more details and more authentic information.

 

When presenting your Compass perspectives (Nature, Economy, Society and Well Being) What did you do well? What could you improve?

I connected everything that I was going to talk about, so that when I switched topics, it won’t   strange. For example, from “how local people deal with garbage pollution” to “tourism development”, I said that although tourists will create more garbage, local environmental protection policy is very good to solve the problem of too much garbage, then, let’s talk about this policy… I think what I lack is my ability to express myself clearly, which will make the audience unable to understand what I want to express. This will make people feel confusing about my explanation, thus, I still have problem on language using.

 

Reflect on:

When the number of visitors start to grow, everything is going in the right direction. The economy will grow faster and the environment will be better in the beginning. Tourists will bring extra income to local people, and local people will protect the environment for tourists to enjoy. But when a large number of tourists come to Bintan, everything will change. The island cannot afford the vast demands for natural resources, the environment will get worse. However, the economy will continue to grow and people will develop various industries for tourists, such as tour guides, police officers, hotel staff, cooks, etc. That would change the fact that there are so many professional fishermen today. Thing we need to know is that while foreigners bring economic development, they will also bring cultural changes. They will bring new ideas and different cultures, and locals will absorb new things and learn new knowledge from those tourists.

 

 

 

Thank you!  :mrgreen:

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DP- Eight Questions

Describe and illustrate a time you needed to be optimistic when faced by a problem?

I’m going to think about all the influences of this problem, and find the worst one from them. Then, I will tell myself it’s ok, and try to figure out how to fix it at the same time. For example, I forgot to bring my wallet, and the worst situation is that I cannot have lunch.

 

Describe and illustrate a time you needed to organize your work

When I started doing the video, I made a plan, and then I would cross out a item after I have done it.

 

Describe and illustrate a time when you supported or encouraged someone else in the class

I felt like I had the same idea as her, I was very happy, and especially wanted to help her supplement it.

 

Describe and illustrate a time when you had to contribute an idea to a classmate or your group

I really wanted to interrupt her, but I couldn’t do it because it was impolite, so I gave my opinion after she finished.

 

Describe and illustrate a time when you had to try to be more responsible for your work

I sometimes read some books to improve my reading ability, but I will read more and more carefully before the exam.

 

Describe and illustrate a time when you tried to communicate an idea in your film in a well organized way

I used black and white to represent the memories in my film.

 

Describe and illustrate how communicating your ideas in the form of a short film has taught you something about yourself

I’m not good at making films, In order to express my ideas more clearly, I added pictures and words again and again, but still cannot show what I want to say. Seriously, I find that I like to surprise people, because a lot of what I put in is caught people off guard.

 

Describe and illustrate you managing your time in this class while working on this project

I collected materials I need for the film after class, so what I need to do in class is to organize pictures or videos. In the first lesson, I put all the materials in order, and changed their speed or display time. Then, I added some special effects and explanations to the film, and I modified some inappropriate places at the end.

Two videos,

  1. https://drive.google.com/open?id=1JC_WQOR0Y-agnGKgvbQvwdkCuEuuabw5
  2. https://drive.google.com/open?id=1c94TlsvIKSAkbsq_Sn3RwRahpp684Ccf

:mrgreen:

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DRAMA JOURNAL POSTS

We did a performance last week, and this is my introspection about it. 

We want to use objects to represent beliefs or pain that we cannot see, which is difficult to do. In addition to, we need to make the audiences know what we are doing, rather than having them look at us in a daze and feel that we are doing something weird. Thus, what I’m most proud of is the following symbols.

  1. Candles- represent the development of the storyline, the candles were off at the beginning of the performance, which suggests the pain of the unknown. The candles light up at the end of the story, which suggests the hope and a bright future.
  2. Organza (white+black)- the white organza represents the hope, and the black one shows the despair.
  3. Rope- it represents the wave, it shows the level of pain as well. There’s two men pulled the rope and started to move it up and down. The waves that came from the swaying of the rope was getting bigger and bigger, it showed a sea which becomes more and more dangerous. The sounds we heard when the rope hit the ground was getting louder and louder, it represented the feeling of pain. This movement had happened three times in the performance.

I think our idea was great, but I know that my personal performance was not good. I could not  control my smile and I don’t know why. I influenced our performance. For this, I feel very guilty. Of course, I will do better next time. 😉