Oh, Maths.

My name is Clarice and I have just completed IGCSE Mathematics in this past year. I always associate curiosity and confusion with maths. As a restless kid, my dad would teach me some maths in the middle of the night, or at 9 pm which I thought was late being 6. It always intrigued me but I now find myself being confused every so often because I don’t understand enough. I’m excited that I got to chose this course as I like the proof part of maths, the how, the why. I think I like to work things out myself when I understand a concept but have someone explain it to me when it is new territory. When I am stuck I tend to concentrate too hard on the problem so I let it sit for a while and get back to it. In maths, I think my biggest skill is inquiring, not only for things I don’t understand but also about associating concepts. My biggest area of focus in the short term would be to be more organised and in the long term would be to be more self-disciplined. 

the KNOW in knowledge

Religious knowledge is often based on a spiritual being with historical roots based on a higher power; this knowledge can be disputed amongst the masses but individual experiences define individual religious beliefs whether widely proven or not.

Historical knowledge relies on the recounting or retelling of prior events, especially in the time periods before the invention of the camera. There are many different means of recording, through writing or the spoken word, and so could distort over generations and so vary on reliability.

Knowledge in instinct roots in evolution. The natural drive to survive created different means of doing so and as such allowed those with the primal intuition to survive as animals; however, as we develop as humans those instincts remain and are oftentimes present in situations where they are not needed and act with more harm than good.

A Doll’s World II: GIRLS JUST WANt not to be seen as of use for their husbands and pawns of a patriarchal society but as humans themselves.

  • What do you believe to be the three most important facts about 19th century Norway?
  • Why do you think the concept of respectability became more important as the middle class expanded?

I think that the most important facts of 19th century Norway include the expansion of the upper-middle class which shows the expansion of the population that lives to abide by these rules. More people are working their way up only to be held to that high standard by the rest of the higher classes. In this, we realize that it becomes easier for them to lose the status as well since they’re, in a way, competing. The second fact is that not only did the economic boom help the country money-wise, but the idea of money became detrimental to society’s structure. You can see the focus on money and materialism in today’s society, and so imagine the beginning of this greed and hunger for money that started in a split second historywise. The third is to keep in mind the two whilst realizing the expectation of moulding into the patriarchal model of what a woman should be. Following the patriarchy was not only a social tradition and a way of being in 19th century Norway; there are also laws that back up this ideology and weaken the presence of the feminine in comparison to the masculine.


The concept of respectability became more important as the middle class expanded because people strive to climb up the social ladder naturally and, in this form, strive to mimic aristocracy. The social climate only affected the few people in the middle class before its expansion, and as it grows, the limit between upper and lower middle class seem to blur. People want to be perceived as the better half of the middle class and want to seem more respectable and, ultimately, rich. Being money-centric led people to view class as a general form of social standing.

A Doll’s World: Ibsen’s World

“A woman cannot be herself in the society of the present day, which is an exclusively masculine society, with laws framed by men, and with a judicial system that judges feminine conduct from a masculine point of view” – Henrik Ibsen, 1878

Looking at Ibsen’s quotes, including the one stated above, we know that Ibsen was conscious of his surroundings and wrote about it well. He seems to take steps back and see the world in a third point of view where he criticises his species. The key point of his messages seem to always be controversial in the time that he lived in as well as juxtaposing that time. He seems to view that world as unjust to every human. Values I can pull out from these quotes include the urge to always question, being always conscious of how materialistic people are and how narcissism occupy the bigger part of society.  He criticises how lenient people are on bringing other people down to boost themselves up in status for their short lives; questioning people’s morals and priorities.

He seems to be a product of his times. The concepts that he believe in are, in fact, ahead of his time; however, I believe that in order to bridge that gap between ahead and present, there must be a link of questioning. Ibsen seems to be that. His times have provoked his curious thinking and self-awareness.

A Doll World

“A woman cannot be herself in the society of the present day, which is exclusively masculine society, with laws framed by men and a judicial system that judges feminine conduct from a masculine point of view.” Henrik Ibsen, 1878

To what extent are Ibsen’s words still true today?

Before finding concrete facts about the laws that were made exclusively for the female body, I can already begin to describe how much this resonates with the issues of today. There are double standards that exist throughout the genders that, when thought about, are completely absurd. Women are portrayed as objects that are to meet the satisfaction of men in the media which heavily reflects on the conduct, or rather misconduct, of people in society. One example is that many men who disagree with makeup, on a woman, claim that it is a mask and that the beauty of a woman with said makeup on is selling a lie. The first mistake here is the assumption that makeup is a means for one to impress another, the second is that they assume that other person is men in general. Not only this, but it seems that a big number of men feel as if it is their duty to dictate a women’s body as seen in the debate over abortion, which essentially is the debate on whether a woman can have control over their own body.

The difference between the society Ibsen references and current day is that we now recognize that the double standard happens both ways. Toxic masculinity is an idea that is now more understood and rooted as the basis of the urge to dictate women. Though women do not hold more, or even equal, political power. Which is why it is not an issue that stands on its own. So yes, Ibsen’s words still ring true but the situation nowadays is different.

Nap Your Head Around Something

Students: Tell us about your sleep habits. Do you, or would you like to be able to, take regular naps? How might your school support napping, given its effects on learning? Have you ever noticed that your ability to learn or memorize information improves after sleep?

I sleep irregularly, and it’s not intentional. Sometimes I sink into my bed and just continue sleeping until I subconsciously remember that I have work to do, or when my mom wakes me up. Other times I’m just on my floor, as you do, and unintentionally doze off. So yes, I take naps, probably on average once in two weeks, but it can range from none to once every day of the week, not counting Saturday and Sunday. I if I get home from school early and feel like I need it, or if I know that I will procrastinate so I might as well be somewhat productive in that procrastination. It does affect my work done as I can stay awake for longer and so I sleep in increments. However, this school, like many others, does not have any area that is designated for you to nap. I think that it could be beneficial if people are more rested to then absorb more information.


Do you get enough sleep in general?


The Epic of Ryan – Gilgamesh

Through Ryan’s presentation, I could recognize the origin, or the first recording, of the theme of limitations of being human. Its shown in anime, books, and modern adaptations of the epic. From then into the following years, as this the first recorded story of anything, the theme is implicated in many different stories and cause more people to ponder upon the notion of immortality. It has a profound and philosophical connotation beyond just logic of capability and this is a popular theme for entertainment in its twists and turns.


Evergreen Circle SERVICE

Evergreen Circle works with the elderly in entertaining them for the hour that we are there for. Students are good.

Previous to this I had never had any service experience where we got to work with the people directly. My expectations were pretty generally positive thinking because I don’t think I had any specific expectations towards the service. Going in I was already comfortable because I was with people I knew and planning activities for people I didn’t. Being new this year, I appreciated knowing and getting closer to the people enrolled in this service as well. As we were planning, I realized to the extent that I needed and wanted the activity to work for those participating that I, unfortunately, didn’t do the greatest job on it as all the other ideas I had were too complicated and required too much equipment to either purchase or collected. This was the first time out of two for which I had to plan an activity and contrarily, for the second time, I was over prepared. Perhaps that was better as I ended up with some excess material I could use for other things or give back to those who needed it for planning a session.

This service confirmed that I could be prepared and productive if and when I wanted to. Otherwise, I think it showed the two extremes of which I could perform as well as a development of from one experience to another in terms of growth and improvement. In participating in carrying out other people’s planned sessions, I learnt of how far I could help someone as well as carry out a conversation minorly blocked by the language barrier we had as many could not speak English and I could not communicate in any other means but demonstration.

Are you not racist? Or not not racist? (not ideal)

You’re discriminatory. Maybe you do not realize it. This is mostly society’s fault, which in turn could be your own; but that is not the matter at hand. Discrimination by definition is the “treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit”. In simpler terms, it is when one sees someone as a solid figure based on, usually, a stereotype which gives “fixed forms” to those people in such categories. I am utterly against intolerant opinions, especially those targeting specific people where no one stands to benefit anything. Stereotypes as a noun are difficult to address as they are a generalization of generalizations: they are hard to pinpoint. There are two types of stereotyping, both are regarding attitudes. The first more obvious one is the explicit attitude where the person openly expresses this opinion; the second one is less recognized, it is the initial reaction from a person, despite what their explicit attitude may be. For example perhaps you are the head of a company and explicitly believes that everyone should have an equal say in decisions so you work with what is best for the company. Then arises a situation where someone explicitly disagrees with you and the rest of the group completely, at that point in time they seem completely unreasonable. In this moment you might start thinking ‘They are my subordinate, I hired them; what do they know?’ Now you might be questioning why you think this, it is only because of how people portray a position of power equating being right about everything. This is a simple scenario of attitude in a not necessarily discriminatory fashion. Implicit stereotyping becomes a society matter and will not change overnight; in light of this, we will focus on the explicit stereotyping.

The greatest difference in Singapore from some other countries would be how diverse it is. A term often used to describe the United States of America is that it is a ‘melting pot’ of cultures. I often relate that to how here in Singapore is our very own melting pot that is massively smaller but a variation of cultures the same. In this instant I think it is most crucial to not stereotype explicitly. Where you ‘look’ like you come from does not mean you come from there. The times have really changed and, though biracial or multiracial families have existed before, there is an abundance of ambiguity in where someone is from. Stereotyping people based on how they look is not only offensive but close minded. Of course it was how the general older population might have been raised to think yet it is most ironic to think this way. Singapore is a young country and has not existed on its own for so long so then includes a twist where you face the question of how can one really pick who actually originates from a country that had not previously existed? How do people react so surprisingly to the idea of immigration and expatriation? They really very much so are general questions to which I could even perhaps stereotype the reactions to such, which is not the purpose of this.

Stereotyping in any sense restricts one’s view on a person and confines them into one word. This and first impressions are different in nature because first impressions are, or should be described as, based on a person’s actions or lack thereof. An example being if someone is quiet of doesn’t put forth an opinion then you see them as reserved. You shouldn’t see them as attributes connected to being reserves like not being interesting. This should definitely be applicable to situations dealing with an appearance. If someone looks caucasian then, congratulations, you have identified feature they you connect with being of this race. You don’t go further and say that they are solely ‘American’ and have a sibling (studies show that 80% of people in the US have a sibling; though the odds seem in your favor, there still remains 20%). Not only does this restrict your view on people as people, and not as words, it impacts those around you because if you are explicit about such behaviours, then it won’t help the ensuing generation’s implicit attitudes. Implicit attitudes you can’t necessarily help, however if you disagree with them then one should help others not have this with how you express things and in turn you will begin to notice how perhaps positive you become. This encourages positive diversity amongst humans where no one feels confined in a stereotype that they do not conform to.

My first hand experience with people assuming stereotypes of me have compelled me to believing what I believe. There are some obvious ones when you hear me speak and realize I do not sound ‘Asian’ and that, yes indeed, I speak English as my first language rather than Indonesian which is the language that I am ‘supposed to know’. All these being actual quotes shows the amount of how unknowingly discriminatory they initially were. I do not of course blame them because if they were not exposed to certain type of culture then one would ask questions. I think the most underratedly relevant stereotype that we need to address is one of age. Just because adults are older than teenagers does not mean they are any smarter or less aware. It is likely that some are, however closing one’s mind to the perspective of another generation obliterates the entire purpose of teaching us that we can help society. An ongoing example of this is the people in Parkland, Florida from the Marjory stoneman Douglas High School were there are students fighting for gun reform and are the most persistent in doing so. Turning a blind eye to a group of people would not benefit anyone in times of crisis; with discrimination based stereotypes, the group of people will either feel collectively defeated or will be even more persistent. This in the long run will not benefit anyone because there will be an uprising of conflict and injustice towards a group.

This comes into a very grey area of

Though forcing people to not speak is illegal, being mindful and tolerant hurts less people and therefore should be completely worth it.

  • Highlights = things to consider/revise/edit
  • Citations
  • Unusual conclusion
  • Title? Subtitles?