EQ

EQ refers to the emotional intelligence, which is the ability to perceive yours and others emotions. EQ determines your level of happiness and how well you adapt to an environment. It is an inevitable skill that can be improved through lifetime. IQ and EQ are both significant factors of how to success, however, I believe that EQ is more important than IQ ( and sometimes can even drive the IQ up ). EQ, as defined, is the ability to feel. When feeling others emotions, you are also critically thinking about how to react, which is relate to what IQ is — the ability to think. Thus, people have high EQ tend to have a high IQ too.

People with high EQ will have a nice personality that basically fits into 18 behaviours including hard to get offended, don’t seek perfection and stop negative self-talk in its tracks etc. People with high EQ are usually outgoing and is easy to get along with as they consider other’s feeling. They are also aware of their own emotions and can control their own emotions well.

学习者档案:在《关山难越》与《魂归》中,龙应台为什么采取第二人称写作?

《关山难越》和《魂归》均出自龙应台之手。两篇文章都讲述的是“我”父亲从衰老到死亡的过程,《关山难越》讲述的是父亲的晚年时期,《魂归》描述了父亲逝世之后“我”将他带回故乡的故事。这两篇文章均延续了龙应台之前的语言风格,理性地表达出自己对人生的感悟。与其他文章不同的是,在这两篇文章中龙应台运用了第二人称叙事。第二人称的运用十分巧妙,不仅可以从旁观者视角更完整更细致地描述整个故事,还可以以旁白的角度叙述出主人公的内心情感,从而让读者更好的带入到文章中,引发读者的思考。《关山难越》和《魂归》中的龙应台以第二人称叙述了自己的亲身经历,给读者一种她置身于世外冷静旁观当时的自己的感觉。这样的叙事方法可以表达出龙应台自己对于人生的思考,因为置身事外的第二人称视角仿佛可以反映出龙应台在反思当时的自己。这种对于过去的自我反思反而可以使读者更深刻的感受到龙应台在文章中所想表达的心酸已经哀痛,也正好突出了文章的主题——生死和轮回。

9th Sep – Medical Society

This Monday I attended the first medical society. The activity started with an introduction of what we do in class, and a mingle session with others. In this activity, we will be able to share experiences and information regarding to applying universities and latest medical news. The students leading this activity also told us that we will also have guest actors to help act out scenarios. I hope that I can learn more about medicine from communicating with members in this activity.

学习者档案 – 《雨儿》

 

概括总结 精彩引文
作家:

生平背景、

创作意图?

龙应台,台湾作家,1952年出生。1984年出版第一部作品《龙应台评小说》,后著有杂文,小说,散文及纪实文学等文学作品。《目送》是龙应台继《亲爱的安德烈》之后写的作品。她的写作目的是为了引发读者对于生死的思考,并对人生产生感悟。
作品:(外在)

社会历史

时代背景

故事发生在2009年,当时的母亲患了老年痴呆症,完全不记得“我“是谁了。
环境:

自然环境、

人文环境、

氛围

本文的环境发生在二十一世纪的城市中,地点是台北。氛围是温馨又有些悲伤的。

 

人物:

性格特征、

人物关系

“我”在文中是坚韧的,有担当且孝顺的。同时面对老年痴呆的母亲“我”也是多愁善感且心酸的。
情节:

故事梗概、

矛盾冲突、

结构特征

“我”的母亲得了老年痴呆,“我”决定放下身边的事回到母亲身边和母亲一起生活,充当起“母亲”的角色。
主题归纳:

各个层面

  • 生命,离开,循环
  • 母亲对于女儿不变的爱和牵挂 – 即使忘记了“我”是谁,也还是挂念着我。
叙事技巧:

文学手法

  • “我——是你的女儿”, 对自己身份的阐明,同时也表达出了母亲已经失智的心酸
  • “等那六个字”,顶真,烘托出等待时的气氛,距离和母亲缓慢的反应进一步衬托出对衰老的感伤。
  • 循环对话突出女儿的耐心,和母亲对于女儿的挂念,同时也表达了作为女儿面对母亲失智的心酸。
  • 龙应台的对话很少使用间接引语,直接的对话连贯性强,表达的情感具有穿透力,让读者感受不到距离感。
  • 角色的转换,表现出女儿的孝顺(最终理解了生命和对生命的感悟)和母亲的衰老
  • “人逐渐逐渐退为影子”, 表达出一种无助的情感。
  • 排比
  • “大大的惊讶,大大的开心”表达出了母亲像孩子一样,突出生命衰老的主题。
  • 母亲的几个问题深入人心,不但能引起龙应台的思考,也能让引起读者的反思
  • 天亮——时间的流失,温暖的感觉,
       “对,那就是我。”
“喔,雨儿你在哪里?”
“我在香港。”
“你怎么都不来看我,你什么时候来看我?”
“我昨天才去看你,今早刚离开你。”
“真的?我不记得啊。那你什么时候来看我?”
“再过一个礼拜。”
“你是哪一位?”
“我是你的女儿。”
“雨儿?我只有一个雨儿啊。你现在在哪里?”
“我在香港。”
“你怎么都不来看我,你什么时候来看我?”……“身子愈来愈瘦,脚步愈来愈轻,声音愈来愈弱,神情愈来愈退缩,也就是说,人逐渐逐渐退为影子。年老的女人,都会这样吗?”
语言风格 本文的语言风格偏伤感,以娓娓道来的方式讲述了人生故事,引发感悟和思考。
个人解读 即使本文以“我”的母亲为主来讲述故事,但作者可以清楚的把自己的感情和想表达的人生道理理性分开,即使自己的内心十分悲痛伤感但是还是可以准确的向读者表达自己所崇尚的理念。

 

“Who owns culture?”

From discussing the topic “culture appropriation”, I started to reflect on the question “who owns culture”. The reason why people found culture appropriation offensive is because that they feel like foreigners have “stolen” their culture, but do they actually own the culture themselves? Culture and traditions where build by countless people and generations, no one can be called the “owner” of a specific culture because the formation of culture cannot be done by one person. Therefore, in this case, no one owns culture, culture is a shared possession between people within a community or region.

However, we also shared the responsibility to protect and advocate our culture. In other words, citizens in a city or country should have a deep understanding of their own culture, and when culture appropriation occurs, everyone should stand up and protect their culture if their culture has been misinterpreted or defamed. Due to the fact that local citizens are more familiar with the culture, and they probably have been educated with their cultural values, they have more right on representing their culture than any other people. If people are fulfilling their obligations of being a owner, then they could also “own” their culture in a way.

学习者档案 – 《目送》

 

概括总结 精彩引文
作家:

生平背景、

创作意图?

龙应台,台湾作家,1952年出生。1984年出版第一部作品《龙应台评小说》,后著有杂文,小说,散文及纪实文学等文学作品。《目送》是龙应台继《亲爱的安德烈》之后写的作品。她的写作目的是为了引发读者对于生死的思考,并对人生产生感悟。
作品:(外在)

社会历史

时代背景

本文创作于2004年,龙应台的父亲去世之后。父亲的去世对她造成了巨大的打击,也纵使她对人生生死产生了许多感悟。 “有些事,只能一个人做。有些关,只能一个人过。有些路啊,只能一个人走”。
环境:

自然环境、

人文环境、

氛围

本文的环境发生在二十一世纪的城市中,地点是美国和台北。氛围的变化很多。从一开始送华安上小学的忐忑和不安到后来一次次的别离,再到最后和父亲的诀别。每一次的送别都有些伤感和悲情。 “华安背着一个五颜六色的书包往前走,但是他不断地回头;好像穿越一条无边无际的时空长河,他的视线和我凝望的眼光隔空交会。”

“我一直在等候,等候他消失前的回头一瞥。但是他没有,一次都没有。”

“火葬场的炉门前,棺木是一只巨大而沉重的抽屉,缓缓往前滑行。没有想到可以站得那么近,距离炉门也不过五米。雨丝被风吹斜,飘进长廊内。我掠开雨湿了前额的头发,深深、深深地凝望,希望记得这最后一次的目送。”

人物:

性格特征、

人物关系

“我”在文中的形象是多愁善感的,也是落寞的。文章围绕着“我”和亲人的各种分别展开,牵扯到的主要人物有“我”的父亲和儿子华安。 “我慢慢地、慢慢地了解到,所谓父女母子一场,只不过意味着,你和他的缘分就是今生今世不断地在目送他的背影渐行渐远。你站立在小路的这一端,看着他逐渐消失在小路转弯的地方,而且,他用背影默默告诉你:不必追。”
情节:

故事梗概、

矛盾冲突、

结构特征

“我”回忆起来许多华安成长路上“我”所目睹过的他的“背影”。这些背影让“我”感到黯然神伤,作为一个母亲的失落感油然而生。文章的矛盾大概是当华安不再回头看“我”时。本文引用“背影”作为线索,贯穿整个故事,表达出为人父母面对孩子成长别离的无奈于悲伤。本文的结构采用了插叙的结构,讲述了华安上小学时,出国留学后,上大学后不同的变化和背影。文章的最后作者联系到了父亲的背影,点题并再次归回归主题。
主题归纳:

各个层面

本文主题主要围绕父母面对孩子成长的无奈所展开。作者首先运用了自己儿子的例子来描述这种无奈之情,后又结合到自己的经历,在为人母之后进一步体会到了自己父亲当时的心情。

  • 两代人之间的距离,亲人和子女渐行渐远的感伤
  • 普世的情感 – 每个人都会经历 
“我慢慢地、慢慢地意识到,我的落寞,仿佛和另一个背影有关。”
叙事技巧:

文学手法

本文运用了借景抒情的手法,通过描写几个背影的场面抒发了自己看着儿子背影时的落寞以及回想起父亲当时心情的感伤。

除此之外,作者还运用了首尾呼应的方法,使文章更加完整,主题更加鲜明。

文章中重复的一段强调了文章的主题和情感,循环回荡,一咏三叹。两段的重复联系起两个线索,使两个故事线相互呼应。

  • “是一扇紧闭的门”:象征代沟隔阂
  • “邮筒”:象征思念
  • “抽屉”:承载父亲的人生,巨大而沉重
  • 目光相送:距离-物理距离,心理,生死相隔,年龄,时代
  • 和朱自清背影-互文性 

即使是父亲在应该送我的年纪,作者也描写的是我对于父亲的目送。我对于儿子的目送和父亲的目送有种承上启下的作用, 更加突出了我切身实际对于成长和别离的感触。正是因为我有了儿子,所以才能更进一步理解父亲的情感。这也突出了这种感情是普世的,每个人都必将经历。

语言风格 本文的语言风格偏伤感,以娓娓道来的方式讲述了人生故事,引发感悟和思考。
个人解读 在我看来,作者写这篇文章的目的不只是想抒发自己的感慨,而是希望读者在阅读之后能感受到父母的爱和不易。很多事情只有在经历之后才能切身实际的感受到,就好像“我”直到最后才理解了父亲的心情一样。 “我慢慢地、慢慢地了解到,所谓父女母子一场,只不过意味着,你和他的缘分就是今生今世不断地在目送他的背影渐行渐远。你站立在小路的这一端,看着他逐渐消失在小路转弯的地方,而且,他用背影默默告诉你:不必追。”

 

How do we represent an identity?

“Can texts ever be truly representative of groups of people?”

After the discussion last lesson, I thought that it is quite impossible to represent one group of people completely. Using “Crazy Rich Asians” as an example, some people might find it interesting and fascinating since it presented a different culture to people that are not familiar to Asian/Singaporean culture, however, many Asians have claimed that “Crazy Rich Asians” did not represent Asian culture at all. The background ad context of “Crazy Rich Asian” only apply to a few people, the majority of the Asian population cannot relate with the way they life, and therefore it cannot be called a representation of all the Asian culture. But it is a good start.

https://www.theverge.com/2018/8/28/17788198/crazy-rich-asians-movie-representation-diversity-constance-wu-henry-golding-awkwafina

“Who gets to represent a group and who doesn’t?”

I believe that anyone can represent a group, as long as they put themselves in the right identity. For example, if “Crazy Rich Asians” isn’t targeting on the whole asian community, it will be more appropriate, because the background of the book does not apply to all the members in the “asian community”.

“Is the act of representation problematic?”

The act of representation can be controversial,  however, I believe it is necessary and inevitable. A person can decide to represent a group through texts when he/she felt that it is time to speak out the voice of that community in order to let other people know about them. A good representation occurs when they are desperate of showing themselves, instead of representing themselves for diversity. The aim is different, and the outcome could be different.

What is identify

The waterline of visibility diagram contrasts between how others view an individual and how exactly an individual really is. Some of my thoughts on this diagram is that people’s appearance can be really different from their true identity. Identity involves some sort of choices, including what kind of person they want to be. People with common identities can be found through having conversation, further explorations of a person’s identity can be revealed after getting closer. It is not fair to judge a person by first impression or appearance, the identities above the waterline is just their traits and cultural backgrounds that they carry with them. However, the identities people see in themselves can be different from how others view them. Other people might view them from a different perspective, thus making them having a different identity.