Can literature reveal human truths, and if so, what kinds of truths?

In revolutionary road, Frank and April Wheeler seem like good upstanding members of middle class society with two nice kids, and a nice house in the suburbs. However, it is revealed that neither of them is happy, and neither of them wanted to be what they are. They started out idealistic and rebellious. However, over time, their rebellion lost it’s sheen and they began to conform. The Campbells don’t love each other, the Givings sent their son to an asylum, and the Wheelers come to the conclusion that they may never have loved each other, yet they don’t fix it. Maybe that’s a human truth; it’s impossible to be happy, to be in a happy relationship, if you’re living a lie and trying to be a respectable person. No one can truly be themselves in their society without fear of what people will think. However, no one tries to remedy their situation. The Givings care more about peoples’ opinions than their own son. Mr. Givings just turns off his hearing aid when his wife speaks, Mr. Campbell is silently in love with April, and the Wheelers never actually make the proper arrangements to move to France.


Frank and April both had what seemed to be respectable middle class parents, and despite how messed up their childhoods were, they became their parents, playing into the cycle of middle class families, their appearances, and their truths. After one visit, John Givings pointed to Alice’s stomach and said he would never want to be that child, they had created a toxic environment within the confines of their home. Despite the child finally being aborted, April’s actions intent on saving her and her unborn child, gave her other children her very own childhood. They would be raised by relatives, they wouldn’t see their parents very often, and they would end up having some version of the trauma April had. The cyclical nature of the characters lives show how futile their different attempts at escaping the depressing confines of typical middle class life are.


If these are human truths, then Revolutionary Road is blatantly honest. I’m not sure literature can reveal positive human truths, but perhaps, it can reveal the dart truths we would never willingly reveal to ourselves. Revolutionary Road suggests not only that there is a depressing side to middle class life, but that it’s such a powerful prison, not even our children can escape it.

Scientific Controversy

The many-worlds-theory which some argue is more philosophical than scientific is a point of scientific controversy as it’s unprovable. It is the theory that (in essence) parallel universes exist. Some argue it’s true from the string theory point of view, and the quantum mechanics approach, both of which one could only prove with math and not empirical data, this is partially where the idea that it’s philosophical comes from. Regardless of the type of, say, multiverse theory people argue (these are all very similar), they are only provable within the clear world of mathematics. This means that it’s impossible to even conceive an experiment or question whether scientists have been cheating. Still, the mathematical route to proving these questions is kind of an experiment in its own way. The theoretical physicists start out with question and then they get a hypothesis and then they test out mathematically. I personally choose to believe that there may be other universes or versions of our world out there, or there is simply so much universe that it’s almost the exact same thing as have alternate realities.

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