Never Let Me Go Reflection/Analysis

Never Let Me Go takes place in a dystopian version of late 1990s England, where the lives of ordinary citizens are lengthened through a functioned program of human cloning. The clones are referred to as students, who have grown up in special institutions away from the outside world. As young adults, they begin to donate their vital organs. All “donors” receive care from designated “carers,” clones who have not yet begun the donation process. The clones continue to donate organs until they “complete,” which is doublespeak for death after the donation of three or four organs. However, this is not immediately apparent to the reader. At the start of the novel, narrator Kathy H. merely introduces herself as a thirty-one-year-old carer. She has been a carer for nearly twelve years but will leave her role in a few months. Kathy explains that she wants to revisit her memories of Tommy and Ruth, two friends who grew up with her at the Hailsham school. Kathy does not explain the donation program or mention that Hailsham students are clones.


In the book, Never Let Me Go, there are several themes, the first being, the passage of time and the inevitability of loss. Although she is only thirty-one at the start of the novel, Kathy has almost reached the end of her life. She has lost almost everyone she knew from Hailsham, holding onto them only in her memories. While Kathy’s narration shows the inevitability of loss, many of her memories reflect a desire to slow the relentless march of time towards these losses. The deferral rumour clearly reflects this desire: in hoping for deferrals from donating organs, the students embody the deeply human wish for more time in the face of death. But even the idea of a deferral reinforces the inevitability of death and loss: a deferral is only a brief extension on life, a temporary hold that puts off the future instead of changing it. This same desire for more time ironically motivates the donation program, which depends on the students’ internal organs to extend the lives of people in the outside world. Another striking theme is the power of memory. Kathy copes with the losses in her life by turning to memories of the past. She preserves the memory of Hailsham long after it has closed, just as she preserves her memories of Tommy and Ruth long after their deaths. The novel’s title epitomizes this desire to hold on. Her narrative is a process of recovery and an attempt to make sense of her memories.


Additionally, there are a couple of themes in the book, for example, the open-plan offices and the porn magazines. The offices proved to show the closing off of ‘possibility’. It solidifies the impossibility of the characters’ dream future. The office itself has floor-to-ceiling glass windows, which emphasize the students’ relation to the “dream future” that it represents: they can observe it from the outside, but cannot actually participating in it. Due to this, the three characters attempt to link their personalities to objects that they find at the school. For example, Kathy finds the porn magazine and assumes that this is the job of her ‘possibility’ which affects her current actions. 


Some quotes (spoilers):


“And so we stood together like that, at the top of that field, for what seemed like ages, not saying anything, just holding each other, while the wind kept blowing and blowing at us, tugging our clothes, and for a moment, it seemed like we were holding onto each other because that was the only way to stop us being swept away into the night.”


This quotation occurs in Chapter 22, after Tommy and Kathy visit Madame’s house. As they are driving back to his recovery center, Tommy asks Kathy to pull the car over, walks into the woods at the side of the road, and starts screaming. Kathy finds him raging wildly in a muddy field, and embraces him. This scene recalls Tommy’s temper tantrum on the muddy Hailsham football field, when Kathy also approached him and attempted to calm him down. Just as Tommy expressed his childhood frustrations and anxieties through tantrums, he displays his devastation after their visit to Madame through a wild rage.


“The fantasy never got beyond that—I didn’t let it—and though the tears rolled down my face, I wasn’t sobbing or out of control. I just waited a bit, then turned back to the car, to drive off to wherever it was I was supposed to be.” 


These are the last lines of the novel, occurring at the end of Chapter 23. Kathy describes the aftermath of Tommy’s death, when she drove to a field in Norfolk and imagined him appearing on the horizon. Kathy’s return to Norfolk expresses her impossible desire to recover everyone and everything that she has lost.


These Bones Will Rise Again – Response (Global Politics)

The book, These Bones Will Rise Again, by Panashe Chingumadzi, responds to the November 2017 ousting of Robert Mugabe, exploring the events leading up to the ‘coup, not coup’ that brought his 37-year rule to an end. The book brings together critical analysis to radically reframe the political and cultural history of the country, recognising the role of women, workers and urban movements in its liberation struggle. These Bones Will Rise Again explores the overwhelming post-independence days of the 80s, the economic downturn of the 90s, through to the effects of the fast-track land reform policies at the end of the century. Panashe Chigumadzi depicts a complex and personal history of the past and present along with the intercession of the anti-colonial heroine Mbuya Nehanda, the founding ancestor of Zimbabwe’s revolution, as well as her own beloved grandmother, who passed away shortly before the De Facto coup. 


However, rather than focusing solely on Mugabe and the amount of power he held, as well as how he was overthrown by his own military (which had supported him for almost four decades). Chingumadzi focuses on Nehanda Charwe Nyakasikana and how she finds connections of the spiritual figure’s personality in her own grandmother. Mbuya Nehanda was one of the major spiritual leaders of African resistance to white rule during the late 19th century in what is now Zimbabwe. Nehanda had taken part in the “War of Liberation” in 1880 more commonly known as the Chimurenga and was later hung for her participation. 


Despite Mbuya Nehanda’s awful end, Panashe Chingumadzi finds similarity between Nehanda and her grandmother. Panashe describes a picture of her grandmother in which she is alone. She realized that Lilian Chingumadzi (her grandmother) stood with no baby in her arms or on her back or husband by her side and assumed that she was in her early 20’s. She seemed to belong to no one but her self, despite the several names people had given her which connected her to the society around her like, Mai Chigumadzi, Mrs Kenneth Chigumadzi, Mai Rophina or Tete Rophina.  To her (Panashe), she felt as though her grandmother was a strong, independent woman who didn’t need to rely on anyone else and was ready to voice her own opinions despite the society around her, like Mbuya Nehanda. However, Panashe’s view of her grandmother becomes further enhanced throughout the book as she realizes that contrary to what she thought, Lilian was actually a lot younger in the picture than she seemed and was also bearing a child. This portrayed her to be vulnerable and so in Panashe’s eyes even more admirable. Additionally, “modern African women were often portrayed as prostitutes” (pg 55) especially when they disregarded societal order and proceeded to do as they pleased. However, regardless of her position as an independent woman (and so by implication a prostitute), Lilian became a part of a wealthy family and was ready to stand tall and meet the world’s gaze. Consequently, with Nehanda as the spiritual role-model, Panashe and her community who are eagerly fighting for liberation from Mugabe’s rule, see traces of Nehanda’s will to fight in themselves and in their ancestors. So both her grandmother and Nehanda together inspire her to do what she is doing.


Personally, in a way, I feel that my own mother may be able to relate to Panashe as my grandmother was a single mother who raised two children on her own. Despite, having to take control and raise two children and being pitied for her loss of position in society, she managed to provide them with good education and overall a decent and happy life. She was able to choose for herself and decided that she wanted to support her family without assistance from others. Society tends to resent women who aren’t dutiful or do not obey and respect society’s laws. There are several women who have overcome society’s constant demands and have been humiliated for being different from society’s standard of an ideal woman. An example could be Harriet Tubman who escaped from slavery during the American Civil War. She returned to slave-holding states many times to help other slaves escape despite the constant backlash she was given for primarily being a woman and disobeying the gender laws that society had established. Moreover, another simple example could be Nora from A Doll’s House who in the end values her own judgment rather than become submissive and docile to her husband and society’s desires. (Act 3) “Helmer: I would gladly work night and day for you. Nora – bear sorrow and want for your sake. But no man would sacrifice his honour for the one he loves. Nora: It is a thing hundreds of thousands of women have done.” This quote from the book highlights how women have been forced to be submissive to men and give up on personal identity and their idea of self due to social pressures.  Although the circumstances are not the same, the idea of females fighting for freedom has been stressed over time and Panashe perfectly presents the black female-minority struggle for independence in post-colonial Zimbabwe through her beliefs in her family and religion (Nehanda being a spirit representative of liberation) and the connections she finds with her past. 




More about Robert Mugabe:

Robert Mugabe was born on February 21, 1924, in Kutama, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). In 1963, he founded ZANU, a resistance movement against British colonial rule. Mugabe became prime minister of the new Republic of Zimbabwe after British rule ended in 1980, and he assumed the role of president seven years later. Mugabe retained a strong grip on power, through controversial elections, until he was forced to resign in November 2017, at age 93.) Military interference was needed in Zimbabwe as the (Zimbabwe) military confirmed early Wednesday that it had taken control of the country and its leader, Robert Mugabe. There had long been concerns about the health of the 93-year-old president and what would come next for the African country he has ruled since 1980. Mugabe grew up in Southern Rhodesia, a self-governing British colony that later became Rhodesia and then Zimbabwe. After becoming a schoolteacher, he joined an opposition group to fight British rule. He was jailed and later forced into exile in Mozambique. After the British withdrew from his country, Mugabe grasped the opportunity and ran in national elections on the promise that he would distribute Zimbabwe’s resources more equitably.


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Rupi Kuar: milk and honey review

Rupi Kaur: Milk and Honey


The New York Times bestseller, Milk and Honey is a collection of poetry and prose about survival. It is about the experience of violence, abuse, love, loss, and femininity. The book is divided into four chapters, “the hurting”, “the loving”, “the breaking”, “the healing” and each chapter serves a different purpose. 

As Rupi Kaur’s book, Milk and Honey is split into four different chapters, personally, I feel that the most significant and most important chapters would be “the healing” and “the loving” mainly because they highlight self-love. The aim of the chapters is clearly to prove to her readers that self-love and self-appreciation/self-acceptance are what really matters the most in life – being comfortable in your own skin. I can relate to her poetry in these particular chapters as I myself have felt insecure and have felt that I am not good enough for our society which has high standards that constantly place me under pressure and self-doubt. I think that these chapters are indeed the best chapter in the book as they focus only on females which make it all the more intimate. Additionally, I feel as though it is important that poets and authors write books and stories about self-love because people in societies today tend to be segregated and labelled into specific groups which often causes anxiety and even depression. The groups could include gender, race, physical appearance or even the differently inclined in terms of sexual bias. All such groups are incessantly critiqued, sometimes positively and sometimes very harshly. Thus, writing books with such content could help raise people’s self-esteem. 

However, in my opinion, I feel as though a majority of her poems in the chapters “the hurting” and “the breaking” are almost milked beyond limit or at least the idea of people in pain, physically and emotionally is reiterated so often that it almost seems as though the words are not genuine. Personally, I think that self-confidence should be prioritised more than hate and pain mainly due to the fact that people tend to retain negative impressions over positive ones (also known as the negativity bias) which if anything, could provoke a person’s depression or anxiety. Perhaps, an event which could be mentioned in the book could affect the readers in a negative way (for instance the mentions of rape and abuse), which is obviously not the aim of the poet. Furthermore, I feel that the poems are almost too simplistic throughout the book. It seems as though every single poem is too easy to understand and that there are no subterranean for me to think about. There seems to be no challenge in comprehending the poems. 

Poems which are significant from the chapters “the loving” and “the healing”:


“I do not want to have you

to fill the empty parts of me I want to be full on my own

I want to be so complete 

I could light a whole city, 

and then

I want to have you

cause the two of us combined

could set it on fire”

Pg59 (the loving)


“I want to apologize to all the women

I have called pretty

 before I’ve called them intelligent or brave

I am sorry I made it sound as though

something as simple as what you’re born with

is the most you have to be proud of when your 

spirit has crushed mountains

from now on i will say things like

 you are resilient 


 you are extraordinary

not because I don’t think you’re pretty

 but because you are so much more than that”

Pg 179 (the healing)


“Loneliness is a sign you are in desperate need of yourself.”

Pg 153 (the healing)


“I didn’t leave because 

I stopped loving you, 

I left because the longer 

I stayed the less I loved myself.” 

Pg 95 (the breaking)


Perhaps, Rupi Kaur could have focused more on poems which are based on self-appreciation, particularly as the teenagers of today tend to easily slip into depression. Especially as they easily fall prey to the many triggers of the modern world, be it environmental problems like climate change and global warming or economic problems such as losing one’s job or simply fighting to find a foothold in a very competitive academic scene. 

Looking Into Hitler’s Biography

Recently, while I was travelling in the UK (Waterstone’s Library London), I came across a biography of Hitler ( written by Volker Ullrich). Personally, I was incredibly curious about the book as it seemed to highlight more of Hitler’s personal life, from his childhood to the eve of the Second World War. The author exposes the man behind the public facade. Instead of labelling Hitler as a tyrannical leader, Ullrich describes him as a master of seduction and craft, his charming and repulsive traits, talents and weaknesses along with his insecurities and murderous passions. This book caught my eye as I felt as though it was almost too often that the moment Hitler was mentioned, people would only take notice of his actions during World War II without taking into account, or even looking into his past. Personally, I think that the majority of Hitler’s actions were sparked by his childhood and the way he was treated by his parents. This book, Hitler: A Biography: Ascent 1889-1939, perfectly describes the events that take place in Adolf Hitler’s personal life, something I’ve been wanting to understand for a very long time.

The author Volker Ullrich studied history, literature, philosophy and education at the University of Hamburg. He has also published articles and books on 19th- and 20th-century history. Ullrich has not only published books on Hitler but he has also written a book about Bismark, the man who united Germany. So he is obviously a scholar who has thought extensively about the qualities of a leader.

In the first chapter of the book, The Young Hitler, Hitler’s family biography takes us to Waldviertel, an agricultural region of northern Austria that borders on Bohemia in what is now the Czech Republic. Hitler’s original family name was Schicklgruber. However, a member of the family who was raised by a man with the last name Hiedler later changed his name to be Hiittler. Thus making a member from the Schicklgruber family a Heidler/Hiittler. Hitler’s father Alois Schicklgruber had a remarkable professional career. In 1855, at the age of 19, he had decided to give up his trade and get a job in the financial administration of the Austrian monarchy. By 1875 he had become a customs official in the town of Braunau, a rank in the Austrian civil service normally reserved for people who had attended a university-track academy. But then, one year later, something strange happened. In early 1876, Alois realized that he himself was actually the biological son of his caretaker’s brother Johann Georg Hiedler, who had died nineteen years previously. Thus in the confusion, the name was later changed to “Hitler”.

Alois, after becoming a civil servant, married three times. His first marriage was in 1873, at the age of 36, when he wedded Anna Glasl, a civil servant’s daughter from Braunau who was fourteen years younger. However, they were divorced seven years later. He had then begun a fling with a 19-year-old barmaid named Franziska (“Fanni”) Matzelsberger and in May 1883, one month after the death of his first wife, Alois married his lover, who had borne him an illegitimate son, also named Alois, two years previously. Two weeks after their wedding ceremony, Fanni gave birth to their second child, a daughter named Angela. But the family’s fortunes took a downturn. That year, Fanni contracted tuberculosis, a very common disease at the time. While she was slowly wasting away, Alois had begun a relationship with Klara Polzl, a former housekeeper whom he hired to look after his two children. Born in 1860 in Spital, Klara was twenty-three years younger than Alois. She was the daughter of a small farmer named Johann Baptist Polzl and his wife Johanna, who was herself the daughter of Johann Nepomuk Hiittler. Which means that that Alois and Klara were second cousins and if Johann Nepomuk Hiittler was actually Alois’s true father, Alois would have been Klara’s half-uncle.

In August 1884, Fanni died at the age of 23, and as Klara was already carrying his child, Alois decided to forgo the customary year of mourning and to marry her immediately. Klara Hitler gave birth to three children, Gustav in 1885, Ida in 1886 and Otto in 1887. However they all died young. On 20 April 1889, Klara brought her fourth child into the world, Adolf when she was at the age of 28 and Alois at 51 years old. Personally, I think that it is important to take into account of what society may have been like in the 1800s. Hitler’s father was a civil servant who was of high status and was respected by many people. Additionally the reasons behind his multiple affairs could be due to needing an heir for his family name. Of course, in our current social standards, this would have been seen as unacceptable as this could be seen as incest and definitely infidelity.

Interestingly, after 1933, Hitler arranged for the confiscation of all private documents that might have revealed information about his childhood and youth. In April 1945, a few days before his suicide in his Berlin bunker, Hitler had his records destroyed.

If this kind of familial background was not enough to create an identity crisis, Hitler wrote in the first lines of Mein Kampf, his autobiography, “For this small town is located on the border between those two German states whose reunification must be, at least for those of us who are young, a lifelong goal to be achieved with any and all means.” This kind of a birth between borders could suggest that his insecurities and identity crisis were fuelled by being unable to understand his own familial roots.

To take the story forward, Braunau did not actually play much of a role in Hitler’s childhood as Alois was transferred to Passau on the German side of the border. Adolf Hitler liked to imply that he had grown up in humble circumstances, but this was far from the case. As a senior customs official Alois Hitler earned an annual salary of 2,600 crowns, the Hitlers were comfortably middle class. The household consisted of Alois, Klara and Alois’s two children from his second marriage, Alois Jr. and Angela, Adolf and his sister Paula, who was born in 1896.

Alois Hitler was a strict, short-tempered patriarch who demanded unquestioning respect and obedience from his children and used the switch whenever his expectations were not met. His oldest son Alois Jr. suffered particularly from his temper and left home at the age of 14. Adolf, who was seven years younger, also came in for the odd beating. The senior customs official was not all that concerned about his children. He devoted most of his free time to his hobby, beekeeping, and enjoyed going to taverns to drink a few glasses of beer. Hitler later also claimed that his father’s alcohol consumption was excessive which could have been the cause of Hitler’s anger. In contrast, Klara Hitler was a quiet, modest, obedient woman who patiently protected her children as best she could from his outbreaks of rage. The early death of her first three children was an enormous loss, and she became more determined to shower her fourth child Adolf with maternal care.

The book claimed that “Most psychologists assume that the first years of an individual’s life determine how his personality develops, and few historians (and even fewer psychological historians) have been able to withstand the temptation to find traces of the monster in the young Hitler. The violence he suffered at his father’s hand has often been cited as a source of the murderous policies he pursued as a dictator.” (Page, 28) Personally, I feel as though the author in this context is correct or at least his points are authentic as there is a substantial amount of evidence proving that Hitler’s actions in the future could be caused due to his father’s rage, mother’s extreme love and affection and perhaps even his convoluted family roots. I found this particularly interesting as well, as this isn’t the first case where parental care has affected a child’s actions. For example in the Columbine Shooting which took place in 1999, the young shooters’ parents took the blame for the incident as they realized that they were unaware and oblivious to their sons’ plans or even general thoughts. Parental care affects children the most as they look up to their parents as role models and if that image is corrupted or flawed, it tends to slip into the child’s personality. As they say, nurture affects nature.

Nevertheless, at school Hitler was known to be “definitely talented” but “not diligent”. With his teachers. Hitler was “rebellious, independent and hot-tempered,” often reacting to their corrections rudely. Perhaps this was Hitler emulating or just Hitler’s personal belief that at a young age he was almost too brilliant for school and that it was too easy for him. He wanted to be an artist, despite his father’s disapproval. As Alois Hitler died suddenly before the conversation about Hitler’s future could truly come to boil, Hitler dropped out and attempted towards admitting himself into an art school. During this time Klara Hitler was diagnosed with breast cancer by the family doctor who was ironically Jewish. Despite Hitler’s later hate for the Jewish minority groups, Adolf was thankful to the Jewish doctor for taking care of his mother before her eventual death in 1907 and allowed him to escape the fate of most Jews during World War II. His reaction to being rejected from the art academy of his dreams along with the ailment of his mother who was the anchor of his life could have been the true spark of his downward spiral of his future life.

Though it would be simplistic to assume that only childhood memories and experiences shape the future of man, facts like the above definitely point to certain gaps and lapses which could have effected Hitler’s eventual nature and career decisions. This brings me to my final thought about contemporary leaders who are often in the news for increasing their own power and extinguishing minority groups, do such decisions also have their roots far back in their childhood and in parental decisions taken about them?

Asian Geographic Internship

Throughout the past two years, during my IGCSE course, I was becoming more aware of the type of subjects I enjoyed and did well in. Personally, I felt as though I had become better at subjects such as English Literature and Global Perspectives. I had also begun to really enjoy these subjects as I felt they were truly embedded in real life and they helped me to develop my interests in journalism and international relations. Due to this, I took up an internship at the Asian Geographic Magazine. I had taken two internships here, one in the summer of 2018 and another, very recently in the summer of 2019.


The Asian Geographic Magazine celebrates Asia’s diversity, covering environmental issues, science, exploration, travel, heritage, arts and cultures. It is based here in Singapore, the team has its fingers on the pulse of Asia, with award-winning contributors scouring the region to bring you powerful stories and images. Titles under Asian Geographic Magazines include its flagship title Asian Geographic, as well as Passport, Asian Geographic Junior, and diving titles, Asian Diver, Scuba Diver and UW360. The last three, I found particularly interesting because I was yet to come across any magazine which focuses solely on diving, a natural sport that I myself find interesting. 


While I was studying Global Perspectives in Grade 10, I realized that I have a very strong interest and passion for the environment and the Asian Geographic Magazine was the perfect opportunity to explore the type of career I would like to pursue in the future. I wanted to join Asian Geo as the company not only recommends magnificent landmarks areas to sightsee but it also highlights the environmental dilemmas in Asia which are fuelled by the current use of power in Asian governments. Last year when I first joined the internship, I was placed under Rachel, who was in charge of the flagship title Asian Geographic as well as Passport. Rachel had explained to me the way the magazine worked and how the editor (John Thet) felt that it was important to highlight all of the significant and most popular Asian news. The magazine also focuses on the diverse traditional cultures through its photography. The aim of the magazine is to cover environmental issues while keeping social and political issue in mind.


 During my first internship, I was to research on environmental sustainability which included plastic pollution, climate change and energy crisis. The eventually published magazine, “The Taste of Waste” (issue date.) recognizes one of the urgent environmental issues – plastic pollution. The magazine reveals unexpected statistics of Asia’s plastic consumption and it focuses on the economic development and poor waste management which has caused severe pollution in Asia’s waterbodies and eventually into the human system. It also highlights countries which have taken action towards effective waste management such as recycling and presents viable solutions to our plastic problems in their stories like “Our Battle for Sustainability” and “Changing the Face of Plastic Waste”, in hopes to inspire their readers to take action against the rising issue. 


Personally, as I was taught how to research on this specific topic of ocean waste and pollution in Asia, I was having difficulty to find credible sources as well as a variety of information as a majority of websites provided similar information. It often also took me a long time to find any relevant or brand-new data. At the cost of sounding cynical, could possibly reflect that Asia is still living in the past and refuses to look at pollution regulation policies in a proactive manner? However, throughout this process, Rachel taught me how to segregate my information and to look for specific news in particular countries. Thus, despite having to spend so much time researching, the work was relatively easy afterwards as ocean pollution is a global problem which many countries are hastening to control.  


Recently, in the summer of 2019, I had rejoined Asian Geo as an intern and had begun working for Terrence who was operating the diving titles, specifically Asian Diver. My work for this summer revolved around focusing on a specific organisation named AIDA International (International Association for the Development of Apnea; Apnea means the temporary discontinuance of breathing) which focuses on freediving athletes and competitions. My aim was to research on a number of Asian freedivers and find their national records. My task this summer was significantly different in comparison to last year as my work had now shifted from an environmental point of view to a sport. Last year, I spent a certain amount of time researching ocean waste. However, this time, the amount of time I spent researching on divers increased as it became more difficult to investigate due to the association’s poorly organized website. This showed me that journalism is not a career which can be taken lightly as it requires serious focus and dedication despite the difficulties the writer faces. The research element needs to stand on strong legs to give eventual article a strong point of view. 


The entire operation of research which Terrence and I handled was unorganized and disordered as it was almost impossible to find Asian records on the website. It later became even harder to find specific branches of AIDA International (for example AIDA China or AIDA Philippines). After a couple of days of endlessly searching on pages with no details on Asian freedivers, we realized that all the Asian divers were listed in ranks, which were (thankfully) ordered by country and type of free-dive. The aim for me was to list all the highest ranked Asian divers of every single possible Asian country listed on the website. Despite being such a simple task, it took me forever. A majority of the information on the website was convoluted and disorganised which led me to research individually on each diver to prevent further complication in the research. This process helped me realize that in journalism there is a fair chance of being unable to find information and may be provided with incorrect information. However, it is important to be organized and self-managed and even more importantly, one should be calm and determined despite many difficulties. Once I had been able to find information on a specific part of Asia, I was later able to recognise a pattern in the way the website organized its information, which later allowed me to collect more information on other countries without wasting time. This was a good experience for me to realize that journalism is not as comfortable and secure as it seems and that it takes a lot more effort to find the correct and accurate information than to find inexact data. This has helped me become more open-minded about what kind of career I would like to pursue in the future. 


However, throughout the time I spent researching on these freedivers, I came to realize that it was only difficult to find Asian divers in contrast to foreign/Western divers. I also came to realize from my last experience that it was slightly more laborious to find information on Asian sustainability in comparison to Western sustainability. Personally, I feel as though it would be incorrect to say that West has accomplished more than the East due to race or historical events like colonisation but perhaps it is really just the amount of dedication, effort and determination that they constantly place in their work. Am I being too pessimistic here? It is not that the people in the East have not worked hard to achieve the positions where they are today. However, in many cases, for example, this simple case of researching for Asian freedivers, there were very few Asian divers in comparison to Western divers. Of course, that being said, perhaps, the West is provided with the better facility, safety or training but it seems almost off-putting to know that there are only three well-known freedivers in India in comparison to the multiple other divers from Western races which have exceeded in their profession. Nevertheless, I feel that this experience has taught me that companies such as Asian Geographic operate to inform their readers of relevant issues in Asia which are not highlighted too much by mainstream magazines like National Geographic. Consequently, it is a definite step towards achieving a higher level of awareness among readers. 


My internship with the magazine also woke me up to the fact that while journalists play an important role in highlighting obscure facts, if I were to pursue a career in international relations or public policy making, I would actually be on the other side of the table and have perhaps more power in correcting what is wrong. Maybe then I could be more of a change maker. 


A picture!

Asian Geographic:


Article on Ocean Pollution:


AIDA international:

And a letter from Rachel and Terence!