Death Of the Author
What does this approach mean for the relationship between readers, writers, and text?
quote 1- literature is neutral voice of authors gone
literature is precisely the invention
of this voice, to which we cannot assign a specific origin: literature is that neuter, that
composite, that oblique into which every subject escapes, the trap where all identity is
lost, beginning with the very identity of the body that writes.
quote 2- once writing begins author dies
once an action is recounted, for intransitive
ends, and no longer in order to act directly upon reality — that is, finally external to
any function but the very exercise of the symbol — this disjunction occurs, the voice
loses its origin, the author enters his own death, writing begins.
quote 3- capitalism fault for the author being so visible
with English empiricism, French rationalism and the per-
sonal faith of the Reformation, it discovered the prestige of the individual, or, to put it
more nobly, of the “human person” Hence it is logical that with regard to literature it
should be positivism, resume and the result of capitalist ideology, which has accorded
the greatest importance to the author’s “person”
quote 4-modern wirter has no time with the writing
the modern writer (scriptor) is born
simultaneously with his text; he is in no way supplied with a being which precedes or
transcends his writing, he is in no way the subject of which his book is the predicate;
there is no other time than that of the utterance, and every text is eternally written here
quote 5- text in a space of bunch of ppl not just one
text is a space of many dimensions,
in which are wedded and contested various kinds of writing, no one of which is ori-
ginal: the text is a tissue of citations, resulting from the thousand sources of culture.
quote 6- the voice exists inside the reader not the author anymore
In this way is revealed the whole being of writing: a text consists of
multiple writings, issuing from several cultures and entering into dialogue with each
other, into parody, into contestation; but there is one place where this multiplicity is
collected, united, and this place is not the author, as we have hitherto said it was, but
the reader: the reader is the very space in which are inscribed, without any being lost,
all the citations a writing consists of; the unity of a text is not in its origin, it is in its
destination; but this destination can no longer be personal: the reader is a man without
history, without biography, without psychology; he is only that someone who holds
gathered into a single field all the paths of which the text is constituted.
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